Rhodes is the largest island in the Dodecanese archipelago in Greece. Rhodes is also the historical capital of the island. It is believed that the name Rhodes comes from erod, the Phoenician word for the snake because the island was haunted by them in ancient times. The island is called Rodi by Italians and Rodos by Turks. Rhode Island is also known as the Emerald Isle because of the abundance of pine and cypress trees that grow there.
According to Pindar’s ode, the island was born from the union of the sun god Helios and the nymph Rhodes. The cities are named after their three sons. Actis, one of the sons of Heliοs and Rhodes, went to Egypt to build the city of Heliopolis and continue to teach Egyptian astrology.
Rhodes is known worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Colossus of Rhodes was a bronze statue of Helios that once stood at the port. It was completed in 280 BC and then destroyed by an earthquake in 224 BC. Today there is no trace of the statue. In 1988 the old town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Rhodes is one of the most unique of all Greek islands. It has a rich history reflected in its many buildings and historic landmarks. On top of that, there are also beaches, museums and many other attractions to keep anyone busy. This is a particularly family-friendly island.
If you visit Rhodes do not forget to see the Palace of the Grand Master. It can be found in the old town of Rhodes. Built in the 14th century, it was originally home to the governor and was an administrative center. Constructed with 158 rooms, only 24 are currently open to visitors. Enjoy antique furniture of the 16th and 17th centuries, impressive frescoes by renowned artists, and gorgeous floors paved with a mosaic of ancient Roman and Byzantine art. You’ll be greeted by statues of the Greek and Roman period in the interior yard. Finally, take pleasure in exhibitions and performances that frequent the palace.
Visit the Valley of the Butterflies. This lush valley on the west side of Rhodes is suitable for fascinating fun and adventure. The reserve is named after the Jersey Tiger Butterfly, or Euplasia quadripunctaria, which floods this green valley in spring and autumn. Walk the cool, narrow streets and enjoy the many waterfalls and wooden bridges while watching these wonderful creatures. Take your camera to record this unique excursion and enjoy a lunch soaked in the beauty of nature.
Besides the rich history, it is also beautiful physically, especially on the beaches. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece! While you are on this island, you will want to relax and swim on some of these beaches such as Tsambika beach and Agios Pavlos beach.